Diversity In Ternate And Tidore Was Formed Since Prehistory

Edited by admin on Mar 22, 2019


If you visit Ternate and Tidore, you will see the diversity of the people. The diversity is the result of mixing various people who come from various regions of the world to this place. Since prehistoric times, the North Maluku Islands have been a meeting place between Melanesian and Austronesian peoples.

Entering the historical era, the North Maluku region was like a "melting pot" of nations. Because more and more "guests" are coming. They then settled and formed the North Maluku community. The first written evidence of the North Maluku region existed from the beginning of the Middle Ages to around the 14th century AD When written sources of other tribes in Indonesia recorded the area. While written evidence from the North Maluku region came from Sultan Zainal Abidin (1486-1500 AD) as the first sultan to rule Ternate.

Strangely the influence of religion and Hindu-Buddhist culture, which is found in many archipelago is not so great. If you don't want to say nothing at all. The history of North Maluku, especially Ternate and Tidore, generally began since the founding of the sultanate on both islands.

Melanesia is a tribe that first inhabited the archipelago. They have physical features of dark skin, curly hair, and Melanesian language. Like the ethnic Papuans inland and Papua New Guinea today. Austronesian tribes came about 5000 years ago. Estimated from the region of Taiwan and the Philippines now. Mongoloid features are bright skin, straight hair, and Austronesian language. This language is the most common language and is widespread in the archipelago.

The feud between the two Iberians in fighting over the spice islands was then compounded by the arrival of the Dutch. With his famous trade union, Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC). In 1607 AD, VOC Admiral Cornelis Matelief de Jonge allied himself with the Sultanate of Ternate. Conflict ensued between Ternate-VOC and Tidore-Spain. This conflict was finally won by the Ternate-VOC. In the same year, the VOC built a fortress on a former Portuguese named Malayo Fort. The fort was completed in 1609. Then named the Oranje Fortress by the first Maluku Governor, Paulus van Carden. On February 17, 1613, when Pieter Both became the first VOC Governor-General, the VOC Board of Commissioners in the Netherlands established Maluku's authority as the center of the official position of the VOC. Oranje Fortress was made the official residence of the governors-general. This fort can still be visited today.

The attraction of cloves and nutmeg on Ternate and Tidore has long since attracted nations from various parts of the world. It is this interaction between the nations that shapes the people of North Maluku today both culturally and physically. If you want to enjoy international diversity in Indonesia, come to Ternate and Tidore!